“I seek the social ownership of property, the abolition of the propertied class and sole control by those who produce wealth. Communism is, of course, the goal.” — Roger Nash Baldwin in Harvard Class Book of 1935, spotlighting Baldwin’s class of 1905 on its thirtieth anniversary
“Do steer away from making it look like a Socialist enterprise…We want also to look like patriots in everything we do. We want to get a good lot of flags, talk a good deal about the Constitution and what our forefathers wanted to make of this country, and to show that we are really the folks that really stand for the spirit of our institutions.” — Baldwin’s advice in 1917 to Louis Lochner of the socialist People’s Council in Minnesota.
Roger Nash Baldwin was the founder of the ACLU, as well as its first executive director.
At the end of World War I, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn organized the Workers Defense League to fight the anti-labor raids of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer. From 1928 to 1938, she suffered from mental exhaustion as the IWW and other leftist groups were forcibly atomized by the government. During this time she had a love affair with anarchist organizer (and womanizer) Carlo Tresca. After her relationship with Tresca ended, she joined the Communist Party USA and by 1941, she had joined the party’s National Board. In the early 1950’s, she suffered (along with other Communist leaders) the McCarthy era. She was indicted under the Smith Act and defended herself through a nine-month trial. She was sentenced to a three-year term in the Alderson Federal Penitentiary and served from January 1955 to May 1957. After being released from prison, she joined in the middle faction of the CP led by Eugene Dennis, and in 1961 was the first woman to be elected National Chair of the Communist Party.
She was a founding member of the American Civil Liberties Union.
“Dr. Harry F. Ward contributed the organizational and conspiratorial genius to the movement. Ward is an identified Communist. In 1908, he was the founder of the oldest, officially-cited Communist-front group in America, the Methodist Federation for Social Action. A year later, he played a part in organizing the Federal Council of Churches, forerunner of the present day, National Council of Churches Identified under oath as a Communist by Benjamin Gitlow, first head of the Communist Party USA; Manning Johnson, one-time leader of the Party’s Negro Section; and several others, Ward was branded as the ‘Red Dean’ of the religious field before a committee of the U.S. Congress. Ward posed as a Methodist but for 25 years he infected hundreds of young ministers of all denominations with his blasphemous ideas as a professor of Christian Ethics at Union Theological Seminary. He also served at Boston School of Theology at Boston University.” — Stormer, John A., “None Dare Call It Treason”, The Liberty Bell Press, P.O. Box 32, Florissant, Mo., 1964. pp. 125-126
Harry Ward served as the first chairman for the ACLU.
In response to growing concerns, in 1940 the ACLU made a pretense of “barring” Communist Party members from official positions in the organization, resulting in the departure of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, Harry Ward and several others. But the pretense was paper thin.
Carey McWilliams, had served as a member of the national committee of the ACLU in 1948, and continued to figure prominently in the affairs of the ACLU, even through the 60’s had been identified in sworn testimony, according to Government documents, as a member of the Communist Party. He had a record of over 50 Communist-front affiliations and citations and was the editor of “Rights,” the official publication of the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee which has been cited on November 8, 1957 as a Communist front by the HCUA.
Dr. Albert Eason Monroe, served as executive director of the Southern California Chapter of the ACLU. In 1950, Dr. Monroe had been fired from his position as head of the English department of San Francisco college for refusing to sign a loyalty oath. In 1952, Dr. Monroe, U.S. Navy serial No. 316900, was discharged from the U.S. Naval Reserve under conditions other than honorable. In 1953, Dr. Monroe was listed as being chairman of the Federation for Repeal of the Levering Act (ie., loyalty oaths), which was cited as being a Communist front organization by the California State Senate Committee on Education in its 1952 report to the State legislature. Yet in spite of the ALCU’s official position on allowing Communists to serve in “official positions” Monroe continued his position well into the 60’s.
A California Senate Fact Finding Committee on Un-American Activities, 1948 report found that: “The ACLU may be definitely classified as a Communist front or transmission belt organization.”…“At least 90 percent of its efforts are on behalf of Communists who come in conflict with the law.”
With the modern censorship in the MSM on calling any Communists what they actually are the word has almost become outdated — but it remains as real, evil an insidious as always — and the ACLU remains as much a part of it as ever.
Originally posted April 14th, 2005 at JackLewis.net.